Hearing Impairment or Hearing Loss is a general term given to complete or partial loss of hearing ability from one or both ears. Hearing loss is one of the most common sensory impairments and seen in almost 10% of the adult population and the percentage markedly increases with ageing.
Hearing loss can attack anyone of any age at any time. As per the John Hopkins Medicine, 20% of people above the age of 12 have at least some degree of hearing loss. Hearing loss being a common and life-altering issue, must be addressed as early as possible. In spite of being a potentially debilitating health issue, many people delay seeking the treatment out of fear or embarrassment.
Untreated hearing loss is linked to an other health problems both physical and psychological including cognitive decline, anxiety, depression, and increased risk of trips and falls. People with hearing loss frequently have difficulty following day-to-day conversations and may begin withdrawing from activities and other things they enjoy. Treating hearing loss can improve your life drastically by enhancing confidence, performance at work and the ability to communicate with family and friends without inhibitions.
There are treatment options for every type and degree of hearing loss. These options are determined by a hearing healthcare provider and physician. The appropriate treatment depends upon a number of factors including, severity and type of hearing loss, the underlying cause and lifestyle.
Below are the different types of hearing loss treatment options:
1) Medication: Antibiotics, decongestants and pain medication are used to overcome ear infections. Medical therapy with corticosteroids lessen the cochlea hair cell swelling and inflammation and improves healing of injured inner ear structures. Recent research showed that D-methionine has the potential to reverse noise-induced hearing loss if started within seven hours after the occurrence of damage.
2) Myringotomy: It is a surgical procedure of the eardrum or tympanic membrane done by piercing of the eardrum to relieve pressure caused by excessive buildup of fluid, or to drain pus from the middle ear. Myringotomy tubes (often called ear tubes) are small tubes that are surgically placed into a child's eardrum by an ENT surgeon. The tubes may be made of plastic, metal, or teflon. It is indicated in different cases of otitis media (OM: inflammation of the middle ear) including acute otitis media (AOM), recurrent AOM with effusion (RAOME), and chronic otitis media with effusion (COME).
3) Insertion of a tube: The eustachian tubes (part of the ear that connects the middle ear to the back of the throat) open temporarily and make the air pressure equal inside and outside the ears during swallowing or yawning. They drain fluid from the ears but, if the tube cannot open, fluid gets trapped in the middle ear and creates pressure causing ear pain. A tube is inserted into the Eustachian tube to keep it open and allow for normal fluid drainage. This technique may be recommended for people who get frequent ear infections.
4) Hearing Aids: There are different kinds of hearing aids. These help in making the sounds more louder and makes easier for the inner ear to pick up the sound. These can be either analog or digital.
These hearing aid devices come in many different models, including:
5) Surgery and surgically Implanted Hearing Devices: Surgery may be necessary if you've had a traumatic ear injury or repeated infections that require the insertion of small tubes that help the ears drain. Stapedectomy is the common surgical procedure used. It includes replacement of the fixed stapes suprastructure by a teflon piston. Surgical treatment has immediate improvement on table and post-operative recovery is usually fast. Below are the few surgical implants.
6) Wax blockage removal: Earwax blockage is a reversible cause of hearing loss. Your doctor may remove earwax by loosening it with oil and then flushing, scooping or suctioning out the softened wax.
BSR ENT Hospital is one of the renowned ENT Specialist Hospitals in Secunderabad with a team of expert and experienced surgeons who ensures the best quality treatment to patients. The 40+ years of experience explains our expertise in this world. Highly qualified, experienced and trained ENT specialists.
Like Dr.B. Shanker Rao, MS, DLO, FICS and Dr.B. Kalyan Chakravarthy, MS ENT /Head and Neck Surgeon, are proficient at delivering best in treatment solutions for all ENT disorders.
We at BSR, applies highly advanced surgical techniques including middle ear implants, the reverse small fenestra stapedotomy prosthesis operation that delivers excellent results in hearing restoration.
Our in-house Clinical and Biochemical Laboratory/Radiology help in quick diagnosis and treatment making it convenient for our patients. At BSR hospital, we offer cost effective treatment for our patients with the finest quality treatment.