Cleft palate is the oral malformation that occurs in very early pregnancy in the mother’s womb. It is a physical split or separations or openings present in the roof of the mouth (palate). Clefting occurs when the facial structures that are developing in an unborn baby does not close completely because of the lack of enough tissue.
A cleft palate may involve the hard palate, the bony front portion of the roof of the mouth or the soft palate, the soft back portion of the roof of the mouth. Cleft palate is the birth defect, most commonly seen among girl children than among boys.
Cleft palate is observed immediately after the birth. It might appear as a split in the roof of the mouth (palate) that involves one or both sides of the face. One may observe the following complications:
The exact reason for cleft palate is not clear. Few reasons could be:
Cleft palate is normally seen immediately after birth or during the newborn physical examination done within 72 hours of giving birth.
As the cleft palate is associated with different problems, it needs a team approach. A team of specialists are involved in the treatment. The team may generally include:
Management of the cleft palate often requires many surgeries over the course of 18 years.
The initial surgery is performed between 6 and 12 months of age. This involves the creation of a functional palate that helps reduce the development of fluid in the middle ears and assist in proper development of the teeth and facial structures. At the age of 8 years, children might require a bone graft to fill in the upper gum line, support permanent teeth and stabilize the upper jaw.
Additional surgeries may require to improve the speech, breathing, appearance of lip and nose; and close the slits between the mouth and nose. Final repairs of the scars left by the initial surgery will probably be performed after adolescence, when the facial structure is more fully developed.
BSR ENT Hospital have an experienced team of specialists who are highly qualified and trained in handling Cleft palate like Dr. B. Shankar Rao, MS, DLO, FICS and Dr. B. Kalyan Chakravarthy, MS ENT / Head and Neck surgeon. The team is supported by dedicated staff like qualified & trained nurses and other technical staff.
BSR is equipped with latest technologies and equipment for diagnosis and effective treatment. We are committed to delivering excellent personalized, patient care. Our 40 years of experience in the in ENT care has helped us earn the trust and confidence of our patients from across the country.
The Hospital has emergency care and consultations that are available on appointments.